Fine European Horseman’s Rapier/Broadsword, ca. 1630
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About this item
Blackened steel hilt featuring large angled oval side ring extending upward from the base of
the large pas d’ane; the opposite side with asymmetrical side ring connected diagonally to
the quillon. Each side ring is filled with a pierced and chiseled plate depicting scrolling
foliage. Vertically recurved quillons and an additional side ring on the obverse connecting
from the quillon block diagonally to the base of the opposite pas d’ane. Conical fluted
pommel chiseled with a flower blossom on top and surmounted with a small button.
Obverse of hilt chiseled with classic foliate design and bordered with inlaid silver dots;
pommel decorated ensuite. Original grip wrap of alternating twisted iron wire and single
strand copper wire, finished with copper Turks heads top and bottom. Broad, tapering 35
1/4" double-edged blade of flattened diamond section, the ricasso with fluted border and
stamped with a crowned “S” mark and “CAINO” (difficult to see under the guard). Very good
original condition, the hilt with some rust patination and retaining most of its original
blackening; the blade moderately pitted. Overall length 41 3/4" (106 cm). High quality
workmanship as appropriate for an officer of means, with a broad blade meant for battle.
The blade definitely Italian, the hilt either German or Italian.
Pietro Caino was active in Milan in the second half of the 16th Century. There is also the
town of Caino in northeast Brescia, and it is believed that blades were also produced in that
area. However, the crowned “S” mark is typically attributed to Pietro Caino of Milan.
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